fire-bellied toad (Bombina) is a toad of the Bombina species, belonging to amphibians. Its size ranges from small to medium that it can be found natively in the European continent and North and Central Asia.

Fire-bellied toad
Fire-bellied toad

Species

The fire-bellied toad can be cataloged into up to eight species, located in Europe and Asia.

  • European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina)
  • Bombina lichuanensis
  • Bombina fortinuptialis
  • Bombina microdeladigitora
  • Bombina maxima
  • Oriental fire-bellied frog (Bombina orientalis)
  • Bombina pachypus
  • Yellow-bellied toad (Bombina variegata)

They are quite similar between species to the point where two different species can reproduce and obtain a fertile hybrid. They vary in size and color, the skin is uneven, the toes are webbed, and their eyes are on the top of the head.

Features

The fire-bellied toad is a vertebrate animal It measures between 3 and 4 cm in its adult stage. He is known for the brightly colored, flame-shaped markings on his belly.

The color of the skin depends on the species and varies from brown to yellow, to green, to orange and even white. The toad's skin is toxic to all living things, including humans.

Behavior

The fire-bellied toad is a wild animal that is linked to the aquatic environment where it spends time floating in the water among the vegetation to find protection. However, they also usually go out to rest on land if the weather is humid.

It is of habits twilight and night. When the sun goes down it usually frequents the ponds in search of prey. In case they need to flee, they have several ways of defending themselves, which consists of raising their limbs to show their belly and thus deter predators. It also secretes a substance through the skin that produces an unpleasant taste for those who consume it, repelling many attacks. For him human this animal can be dangerous, since the substance it produces can cause allergies.

Habitat

The fire-bellied toad can be found near water in a wide variety of different habitats such as forests, temperate forests, salt marshes, swamps, and sometimes on farmland. However, he also spends a lot of time in the water, enjoying from freshwater and mountain streams to great rivers y slow flowing lakes.

Food

The fire-bellied toad is carnivorous and feeds mainly on small invertebrates such as insects, Spiders, larvae and worms. To hunt it uses its long, sticky tongue that grabs the prey and throws it directly into the toad's open mouth.

Predators

The fire-bellied toad possesses numerous predators such as foxes, cats, snakes, lizards y birds.

Reproduction

The fire-bellied toad mates in late spring. Being a oviparous animal, lays between 50 and 300 sticky eggs on a stem or plant that hangs over the water. Its metamorphosis is completed in a few weeks, reaching its peak in July-August. If the eggs are laid in August, they metamorphose only after winter, reaching 3 cm to 5 cm. These toads still have a white belly.

State of conservation

It is classified as an animal of Least Concern (LC), it is an animal that is raised both in captivity and as a pet.

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