Aerial animals are animals that have the sufficiency to fly thanks to their own means. They are mostly birds or insects and are characterized by the presence of wings or feathers, although not all of them have that characteristic. All are oviparous animals, that is, they lay eggs. Their habitat is not necessarily the air, they can live in the sea or on land. There are two distinct groups: birds and insects.

Almost all aerial animals base their diet and feeding on seeds, insects and fruits, although there are also carnivorous aerial animals, that is, they eat meat and there are also scavengers, which base their diet on taking advantage of the meat of dead animals.

Aerial animals - Eagle in flight

Eagle in flight

Types of aerial animals

The birds

They are generally small bipedal animals, vertebrates and warm-blooded, with the ability to fly, jump and sometimes walk. Their hind legs are highly variable, although all species have claw-shaped feet and can have 2 to 4 distinct parts. Instead of front legs they have wings, which is their main characteristic, and although almost all use them to fly, not all birds can do it and therefore we will not consider them aerial animals, such as the penguin or the ostrich. Its body is similar to that of other animal classes, with the characteristics of being covered with feathers instead of hair. The feathers provide the birds with protection from wind, moisture and the sun. They control body temperature. They are light which allows them to fly.

Another characteristic of birds is that they have a beak instead of a mouth and most do not have teeth, so they swallow and digest food completely in their stomach, in addition to eating, it is a tool to hunt, build their nests and also as defensive weapon and in some cases as a seduction.

In its size we can see many variations according to the species, from the smallest (6 centimeters like hummingbirds) to the largest (2 meters like some type of eagle).

As for other peculiarities we can find how they feed their young, from mouth to mouth and migrate depending on the time of year. Their bones are light and have a dry composition, resulting in lower body weight. The most remarkable thing is their vision and they show far superior cognitive abilities.


Insects are invertebrate animals, that is, they lack a backbone. Rather, they have an exoskeleton that covers their body. Its physiognomy is composed, in the largest of cases by two antennae, wings and 3 pairs of legs. There are more than a million registered species and it is said that 30 million unrecorded species.

As with birds, they are not strictly aerial animals, these animals have a super developed capacity to adapt to any kind of habitat. They are able to detect danger and hide quickly thanks to their antennae, which are their most important organ since they smell, touch and hear, in any situation (whether at risk, mating or to locate themselves).

The wings are located on its extremities, made up of a transparent and light fabric. Their legs have many joints, so they have a great deal of movement. The mouths of these aerial animals are very complex, their apparatus allows them to chew, grind and gnaw hard food.

Types of flight

Aerial animals are divided according to the type of locomotion they execute and there are two types, motorized and non-motorized. The motorized ones are those in which the animal executes its force and its muscles to create the aerodynamics necessary to fly. On the contrary, locomotion without a motor lacks force and the way of flying is based on the ability of some animals to help themselves from the wind, thus creating aerodynamic force, the wind drag them and use their wings to go in the direction they are want to move but it does not allow them to control speed or altitude, so their flight is always downward and they limit their diet so many are not hunters and eat fruits or seeds that fall from trees while motorized people eat the fruits of taller plants and can hunt, providing a more varied diet.

The flight of aerial animals

The flight of aerial animals is produced thanks to the fact that these animals propel the air more quickly downwards than upwards.

The composition of the medium is very different in the water or on land, since they do not have a stable surface to lean on and they are forced to keep flying by their own means.

List of aerial animals

The bee is essential for pollination.

Honey bee

honey bee o honey bees, also known as apis in Latin, although it is one of the most popular bees, it represents only a small percentage of the bee species. This species is the only surviving group of bees in the Apini subclass, which belongs to the genus Apis. They are known for producing and storing honey, or liquefied sugar, as well as for building impressive nests using wax secreted by the workers of a particular colony.

We can clearly distinguish the features of the emerald bee-eater.

Abejaruco Esmeralda

abejaruco esmeralda (Merops Orientalis) is a exquisite bird of bright emerald green plumage. The wings show black trailing edges. The outer feathers of the lower part of the tail are bright gray, and the medium rectrices are long and purple. The streamers can reach up to 7 cm in male. The black bill is long and curved downwards. The eyes are very intense red. The legs and feet are blackish.

The bumblebee is a friendly insect that lives almost everywhere on the planet.


bumblebee (Bombus), is a large type of insects, hairy and close relatives of the well-known honey bee. Most species of bumblebees live in colonies, but their colonies are much smaller than those of honey bees or wasps, which can have up to several thousand individuals, the bumblebee colony will only consist of about 50 to 150 individuals. It has a loud hum that you can hear from a distance.

The eagle is a solitary animal.


Eagle (Hieraatus Spilogaster) is a bird boy. With the exception of some vultures, eagles are generally larger than other raptors. They have strong muscular legs, powerful claws, and large hooked beaks that allow them to rip meat from their prey.

The albatross spends most of its life flying.


albatross (Diomedeidae) is a marine feathered giant which has the longest wingspan of all birds wild, the wandering albatross is the largest of about two dozen different species.

Royal paradise bird (Cicinnurus regius)

Bird from paradise

The Ave del haven (Paradisaeidae) is a very beautiful bird that fascinates many people. This aerial animal it is very closely related to both the ptilonorhinchid and the raven. It received its name in the XNUMXth century when it was brought to Europe on the Victoria ship by Magellan. This was believed to be the majestic bird that represented the beauty of the land that they were going to explore as well.