Flying animalsPosted on May 18, 2018 - Last modified: September 7, 2018
Aerial animals are animals that have the sufficiency to fly thanks to their own means. They are mostly birds or insects and are characterized by the presence of wings or feathers, although not all of them have that characteristic. All are oviparous animals, that is, they lay eggs. Their habitat is not necessarily the air, they can live in the sea or on land. There are two distinct groups: birds and insects.
Almost all aerial animals base their diet and feeding on seeds, insects and fruits, although there are also carnivorous aerial animals, that is, they eat meat and there are also scavengers, which base their diet on taking advantage of the meat of dead animals.
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Types of aerial animals
They are generally small bipedal animals, vertebrates and warm-blooded, with the ability to fly, jump and sometimes walk. Their hind legs are highly variable, although all species have claw-shaped feet and can have 2 to 4 distinct parts. Instead of front legs they have wings, which is their main characteristic, and although almost all use them to fly, not all birds can do it and therefore we will not consider them aerial animals, such as the penguin or the ostrich. Its body is similar to that of other animal classes, with the characteristics of being covered with feathers instead of hair. The feathers provide the birds with protection from wind, moisture and the sun. They control body temperature. They are light which allows them to fly.
Another characteristic of birds is that they have a beak instead of a mouth and most do not have teeth, so they swallow and digest food completely in their stomach, in addition to eating, it is a tool to hunt, build their nests and also as defensive weapon and in some cases as a seduction.
In its size we can see many variations according to the species, from the smallest (6 centimeters like hummingbirds) to the largest (2 meters like some type of eagle).
As for other peculiarities we can find how they feed their young, from mouth to mouth and migrate depending on the time of year. Their bones are light and have a dry composition, resulting in lower body weight. The most remarkable thing is their vision and they show far superior cognitive abilities.
Insects are invertebrate animals, that is, they lack a backbone. Rather, they have an exoskeleton that covers their body. Its physiognomy is composed, in the largest of cases by two antennae, wings and 3 pairs of legs. There are more than a million registered species and it is said that 30 million unrecorded species.
As with birds, they are not strictly aerial animals, these animals have a super developed capacity to adapt to any kind of habitat. They are able to detect danger and hide quickly thanks to their antennae, which are their most important organ since they smell, touch and hear, in any situation (whether at risk, mating or to locate themselves).
The wings are located on its extremities, made up of a transparent and light fabric. Their legs have many joints, so they have a great deal of movement. The mouths of these aerial animals are very complex, their apparatus allows them to chew, grind and gnaw hard food.
Types of flight
Aerial animals are divided according to the type of locomotion they execute and there are two types, motorized and non-motorized. The motorized ones are those in which the animal executes its force and its muscles to create the aerodynamics necessary to fly. On the contrary, locomotion without a motor lacks force and the way of flying is based on the ability of some animals to help themselves from the wind, thus creating aerodynamic force, the wind drag them and use their wings to go in the direction they are want to move but it does not allow them to control speed or altitude, so their flight is always downward and they limit their diet so many are not hunters and eat fruits or seeds that fall from trees while motorized people eat the fruits of taller plants and can hunt, providing a more varied diet.
The flight of aerial animals
The flight of aerial animals is produced thanks to the fact that these animals propel the air more quickly downwards than upwards.
The composition of the medium is very different in the water or on land, since they do not have a stable surface to lean on and they are forced to keep flying by their own means.