Eagle (Hieraatus Spilogaster) is a bird boy. With the exception of some vultures, eagles are generally larger than other raptors. They have strong muscular legs, powerful claws, and large hooked beaks that allow them to rip meat from their prey.

The eagle is a pretty bird of prey
The eagle is a pretty bird of prey

Features

Eagles vary in size. One of the smallest species, the little eagle, measures around 45-55 cm. In contrast, the Stellers Osprey is around 91-106 cm in size and its wingspan can reach about 2-2,5 m.

Sight is the strongest of all the eagle's senses. The eyes are large, can occupy almost 50% of the head and can weigh the same amount as a human eye. An eagle vision is 4-5 times better than that of a human. The eyes are angled 30 degrees from the center of the face, giving it a greater field of vision. Eagles can see five basic colors to our three, and they can detect UV light.

Cones are cells that detect light and are sensitive to color. One of the reasons that eagles have better vision than humans is because their retinas, a layer at the back of the eyeball, have more cones. We have 200.000 cones per square millimeter, while eagles have a million.

Behavior

They are solitary birds, it is said that they mate for life. The nest of twigs and sticks is built in a gazebo high in a tree or on a cliff in a permanent feeding territory and is added year after year, the debris from the previous nests decomposes under the new additions. The nests of these flying animals They can be huge, measuring up to 3 meters in diameter and weighing more than 450 kilograms. Eagles (usually two) do not develop adult markings until the third year, when they leave parental protection and seek their own mates and territories.

Habitat

Eagles prefer to live in areas close to bodies of water, since their favorite prey are fish. They can be found in wetlands, on coasts, near lakes or rivers, and in swamps.

When roosting, resting, and nesting, they prefer hardwoods, such as oaks, or conifers, such as pines. They seem to select trees based on their height and robustness.

Distribution

They are raptors of the Accipitridae family; there are approximately 60 different species. Most are found in Eurasia and Africa, with only 14 species found in other areas including North, Central, and South America, and Australia.

The eagle is a solitary animal.
The eagle is a solitary animal.

Food

The eagle is at the peak of predation, that is, it has hardly any natural predators and is a natural predator, which means that they are at the top of the food chain. What eagles eat depends on the species and the food available to them, but they are all carnivorous and they live on a diet of meat and / or fish.

Eagles can be divided into four groups: sea eagles, booted eagles, snake eagles, and giant forest eagles. Booted eagles have a relatively extensive diet consisting of birds, small mammals, reptiles, rodents, amphibians e insects, while others are more restricted.

Ospreys feed mainly on a diet of fish, while the snakes specialize in catching reptiles. Giant eagles feed on various forest animals. One of the largest eagles, the harpy eagle, feeds on larger animals including monkeys, lazy y coatis.

Predators

Eagles are more or less the largest predator in their section of the food chain. They are fast, powerful, and relatively smart. However, their eggs and chicks can be preyed upon squirrels, owls, wheel, jays and other animals that climb and feed on eggs and chicks.

That said, eagles in America were near extinction due to DDT and lead injection. DDT thins the shells of egg-laying animals, and eagles need strong, good-shell eggs to survive a large bird that lays them. Since the removal of DDT, all species of eagles have returned, along with other species of heavy birds such as ospreys, pelicansand herons.

Lead ammunition is a big problem. Lead paralyzes a bird of prey, from the feet up. Since they need their legs to grab prey and perch, this leaves a poison eagle trapped on the ground, defenseless and slowly starving.

Recently detained a man He had shot hundreds of birds and mammals, but most of them were eagles. We are the predator that does not eat what we kill, in too many cases.

State of conservation

The eagle was included in the Endangered Species List as "endangered" until 1995, when it was transferred to the category of "threatened«.

Relationship with humans

When European settlers began to colonize North America, the eagle population began to decline. In addition to destroying the habitat for building civilizations, the colonists viewed these huge competing birds as prey and killed them. The settlers also believed that they would kill their livestock. We now know that they rarely feed on young or weak cattle.

The bald eagle population, already weakened by years of vilification, suffered even more with the introduction of the insecticide DDT. This insecticide caused eagles, and many other birds of prey, to decrease in numbers. The chemical, when consumed, makes the shells of bird eggs thin and easily breakable, and often renders them sterile. In 1963 there were only 471 pairs of eagles in the United States.

Thanks to conservation efforts and breeding programs in zoos, the eagle recovered from the brink. Eagles were bred and reintroduced into the wild, and there are now more than 9,700 pairs of eagles nesting in the contiguous United States.

Popular culture

Eagle Symbolism

As an animal of power, the eagle is most frequently associated with wisdom and freedom. Here are additional symbolic meanings for your totem:

  • Intuition
  • Creativity
  • Force
  • Courage
  • Hope
  • Resistance
  • Healing
  • Vision
  • Healing
  • Sexual power

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