The Ave del haven (Paradisaeidae) is a very beautiful bird that fascinates many people. This aerial animal it is very closely related to both the ptilonorhinchid and the raven. It received its name in the XNUMXth century when it was brought to Europe on the Victoria ship by Magellan. This was believed to be the majestic bird that represented the beauty of the land that they were going to explore as well.

We can appreciate the bright plumage of the bird of paradise
We can appreciate the bright plumage of the bird of paradise

Species

There are 43 species of this bird in particular, we are going to list the most important ones:

  • Six wire bird of paradise (Parotia lawesii)
  • McGregor bird of paradise (Macgregoria fair)
  • Bird from paradise (Paradisaea apoda)
  • Royal Bird of Paradise (Cicinnurus regius)
  • Magnificent bird of paradise (Cicinnurus magnificus)
  • Bandera de Wallace (Semioptera wallacii)
  • Bring negra (Epimachus fastuosus)
  • Excellent bird of paradise (Lophorina superba)
  • Bird of paradise roja (Paradisaea rubra)
  • Slat tail astrapia (Astrapia mayeri)
  • Ave del paraíso de Raggiana (Paradisaea raggiana)
  • Wilson's Bird of Paradise (Cicinnurus respublica)
  • Wahnes Paroty (Parotia wahnesi)
  • Blue Bird of Paradise (Rudolph Paradisaea)

Features

Most of these Vertebrate animals They are distinguished by their striking colors and brilliant yellow, blue, scarlet and green plumage (The actual colors they can display often depend on location). These colors distinguish them as some of the most dramatic and attractive birds in the world. Males often sport vibrant feathers or incredibly elongated feathers, known as wires or streamers. Some species have huge head plumes or other distinctive ornaments, such as chest shields or head fans. These exhibits are believed to help them find a mate. Females are flat in those areas and many people mix them up. They assume that the Bird of Paradise with all the colors are the females and not the males.

Some of them will be very colorful, while others will be limited to a couple of colors. Those color schemes also depend on genetics and the particular species of Bird of Paradise.

Behavior

They tend to be isolated creatures that live alone. They will only spend time with other birds of paradise when it is time to mate. They often do various stunts that are interesting to watch. They can swing from side to side or they can hang upside down. Because they often do such behaviors alone, it is not believed to be for mating. However, experts can't really figure out what purpose these moves offer for the bird of paradise.

Habitat

New Guinea is an extremely mountainous island. Its equatorial location results in a tropical climate close to sea level, but with cooler conditions in the mountains. In fact, the highest peaks have glaciers. Additionally, prevailing ocean winds carry moisture-laden air over the island, resulting in up to 8.5 meters of rain per year in some places. Sites on the leeward side of the mountains, however, can be quite dry. The great variations of the climate in New Guinea give rise to the appearance of many different habitats. The various species of birds of paradise are rather specific to certain types of habitats. For example, the crested bird of paradise is only found in the upper montane forest and subalpine scrub, while the manicure trumpet is only found in the lowland and lower mountain forests, and the bird of paradise blue prefers medium mountainous forest.

Royal paradise bird (Cicinnurus regius)
Royal paradise bird (Cicinnurus regius)

Distribution

Birds of paradise are found in New Guinea and the surrounding islands. Species of manucode and riflebirds also inhabit Australia. The birds of paradise are so attractive that their appearance made them the target of fur hunters, who decimated some species.

These birds also lend their name to a colorful flower. The South African bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) is a member of the banana family. It has a beautiful flower that is believed to resemble the bird in flight.

Of the 43 species of Birds of Paradise, 35 are only found around New Guinea. The other species are found in various places in Australia. It is difficult to identify how many of them are out there due to the fact that they live high up in the forest canopy. Many of them are believed to have been affected by substantial habitat loss in the past 20 years.

Food

Fruits and berries are the most common food sources for the Bird of Paradise. However, some species also consume many insects y Spiders. Worms have also been identified as a food source for this bird. It all comes down to where they live and the food they have at their disposal, which makes them totally omnivores.

They don't eat a lot of food, but it can take several hours a day to find and consume it. They are often opportunistic and will eat much more than they need if there is plenty of food.

Predators

El human it is the greatest predator for this class of animals, they were killed for their feathers. She is seldom captured by a snakeSince they live in the treetops and, like most birds, they have an excellent reflex action.

His biggest problem is when he catches the attention of larger birds. To defend themselves, some species use the environment and others bristle their long, beautiful feathers, making them appear larger and more dangerous.

The defense of a bird of paradise that feels cornered.
The defense of a bird of paradise that feels cornered.

Reproduction

Males display their bright colors and unusual ornaments when displayed for females. Their elaborate dances, poses, and other rituals accentuate their appearance and provide a phenomenal spectacle for both female birds and any human being lucky enough to be around. These displays can last for hours, and in many species consume a significant portion of the male's time.

Males participate in various dance rituals where they display their additional colored feathers. They can do this type of dance for many hours before giving up if a female doesn't respond to them. If a female responds, she will mate and then the male quickly runs away. He will try to find other females he can mate with before the season is over.

Once mating has occurred the female will lay 2-3 eggs. They are small and brownish orange in color. She will do her best to hide them from predators. You will only venture away from them when you have to get food. The chicks will hatch after about 20 days of incubation.

State of conservation

Six of the 24 species of New Guinea birds believed to require urgent conservation measures are birds of paradise. To conserve them, a network of large tropical forest reserves must be designated. The network of protected areas should be designed to include large areas of habitat for all of New Guinea's birds of paradise. The reserves would also provide habitat for many other rare species of New Guinea wildlife. For these reserves to be established successfully, they must be managed in a way that also provides sustainable livelihoods for the indigenous peoples of the area. One of the great challenges of the future will be to balance human development with the conservation of the environment.

Although much of New Guinea is still covered in rainforest, large areas are being cleared or converted for agriculture. Furthermore, due to population growth and economic development, habitat destruction from deforestation will increase in the future. Some species of birds of paradise are found in very limited ranges, so deforestation of their local habitat could result in their extinction. Other species are found throughout New Guinea, but only within a particular altitudinal range. For example, the blue bird of paradise lives only between 1300 and 1.800 meters of altitude and this species is under pressure from habitat loss associated with human colonization at these altitudes.

In addition to habitat loss, many species are threatened by overhunting. After the Europeans discovered birds, the demand for decorative plumage increased, so that by 1900 the populations of many species had declined considerably. Currently, the importation of bird-of-paradise feathers into the United States and most of Europe is illegal. However, the feathers and skins of birds of paradise remain of great cultural importance to the indigenous people of the New Guinea highlands, who use them in headdresses and other decorations.

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An ant on a leaf,