We consider pets to be all those who have a good relationship to live with humans and who adapt well to home life. The domestic animals were wild animals that humans adopted and made them domesticated, thus changing their natural laws.

We can consider farm animals as domestic animals too, since we take care of them and they have been able to adapt well to life among humans.

The main difference between a farm animal and a domestic animal is mainly that the farm animal was domesticated to get the most out of the animal, be it its milk as with cows or sheep, its skin, its wool or its meat, while the domestic animal is considered one of the family in many cases.

The horse is the most important domestic animal for humanity

The horse is the most important domestic animal for humanity


Domestication is a process of an animal species that modifies its behavior, in a heritable way, thanks to a change in which it loses, develops or gains a certain behavior triggered by humans.

Types of domestic animals

We have two types of domestic animals that we can classify into:

Farm animals

They are domestic animals that were once wild, but domestication made them adapt. Its domestication was mainly in order to take advantage of the resources of these animals, both their milk, meat or simply strength. For more information visit the section: Farm animals.


They are domestic animals characterized by being domesticated mainly to give us company. Many of these animals have a great adaptability to a home life by not having an established type of habitat. The most common pets are:

  • Mammals
    • Dogs
    • Cats
    • Rabbits
    • Guinea pigs
    • Hamsters
    • Mice
    • Ferrets
  • reptiles
    • Iguanas
    • Many species of snake
    • Turtugas
  • Poultry
    • Loros
    • Canarios
    • Cuervos
    • Cockatoos
    • Parakeets (Or parakeets)
    • Lovebird
  • Fish
    • Kois
    • Discus fish
    • Silver fish
    • Clown fish
    • molly fish
    • Striped scorpions

The history of domestic animals

We have the first documentation of a domesticated dog about 12 thousand years ago, thanks to a painting in a cave in Iraq. The first domestication is said to have been carried out unintentionally. There is Egyptian graphic documentation, Roman mosaics and Assyrian sculptures that show that selective breeding to create races is not something recent.

About 9000 years ago, animals began to be domesticated for use as food, giving rise to the birth of farm animals. This is believed thanks to a goat bone graveyard found in Shanidar (Northern Iraq).

About 3000 years later (About 6000 years from here) they began to take advantage of the brute force of the ox in the work of the field, saving much time for human beings.

The first domesticated horses was around 3000 BC and it was a breakthrough in the transportation of humans. The first domestic cats also date from that time and were, together with the dog, the first animal that would inhabit a house.

Pigeons, 4000 years ago, were domesticated for their meat and bones, and it was not until 3000 years later that humans began to notice that they had a much more valuable ability, an incredible orientation, capable of reaching home from anywhere. period, thus creating the first messaging method.


  • The women of Rome laid the dogs on their laps in order, with its heat, to relieve menstrual pain and stomach pain in general.
  • In ancient Egypt, the cat was considered almost like a deity.
  • The first living being to go out into space was a dog, the famous dog Laika.
  • Dogs cannot distinguish the salty taste.

List of domestic animals

Acara electric blue

andean cara pulcher is acara blue (Andinoacara beautiful) is a little fish That many people collect in their fish tanks, there is a good reason, its Latin name, pulcher, means beautiful. These little aquatic animals captivate any fish tank.

We can appreciate the white fur of the ermine in winter.


ermine (Mustela Erminea) is a small mustelid, so it is related to the weasel and the otter. It has an orange body, a black tipped tail, and a distinctive gait. They can be found in meadows, heaths and forests. It is also known as the short-tailed weasel.

Donkey looking at camera.


butter (Donkey donkey) the donkey has been a domestic animal for about 5.000 years, from Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somalicus) native to northeast Africa. Its domestication quickly spread throughout the world due to its enormous utility for the time, it could transport heavy loads and goods over long distances.

Wild Horse


horse (Equus Caballus) They have been around for 50 million years, and throughout that time they have evolved. Horses had many toes on their legs, even today’s beautiful horses, which only have one toe. The modern horse has been domesticated by the human being throughout centuries for transport or for battle.


goat (Capra) it's a mammal animal of robust body with horns and cloven hooves. They are members of the Bovidae family, which also includes antelopes, bovine y sheep, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Other members of the Capragenus are the mountain goat, markhors, and turs, which are sometimes referred to as mountain goats. Mountain goats are the only living species in the genus Oreamnos.

The camel is a very social animal.


camel (Camelus dromedarius) they are animals smooth finger ungulates, which means "animals with hooves." There are several groups of ungulate mammals whose weight is distributed roughly evenly between the third and fourth toes of their paw as they move. Camels are native to the dry desert areas of Western Asia and Central and Eastern Asia. The name camel comes from the Greek camels from Hebrew 'gamal'the arab'Jamal'.