pork (Sus Scrofa Scrofa) es a mammalian animal. It is believed that it was domesticated in 9.000 BC from the wild boar, which was found in the forests of Asia and Europe. Currently, the pig is used for meat, leather and hair is used to make brushes. It is found all over the world and is raised by millions to produce meat, bacon, sausages, ham, and chops. All produced from the same animal.

They are sometimes kept as pets in homes such as large open spaces such as farms, farms or farmhouses. It is a calm animal and despite its fame it is very clean if it is kept in the right conditions.

Pig in freedom
Pig in freedom

Features

The pig is a vertebrate animal It has a large head with an elongated snout that is reinforced by a special bone called the prenasal bone and by a cartilage disc at the tip. It uses its snout to locate and dig for food, as it is very sharp.

They have 44 teeth. The rear ones are adapted to crush food. Some species of pigs still have wild boar tusks that are used to consume roots from the ground and sometimes to hunt other animals. But most pigs, thanks to selective breeding, no longer have them.

They are ungulates with even fingers, that is, they have two hooves whose weight is evenly distributed on both fingers. Pigs are also known as hogs, pigs and pigs.

It has small eyes and a small tail that can come in various shapes: curly, twisted, or straight. Her body is thick, her legs short and her hair thick. It has four toes on its feet, with two large toes in the center that it uses for walking.

They are biologically similar to humans, which is why it is sometimes used for medical research for the benefit of humans.

Habitat

Domestic pigs

The pig can be A domestic animal that inhabits any part of the world where humans protect and feed them. They can be in farms in closed spaces or in semi-freedom. In some parts of Spain, pigs are found in large farms where they eat with complete freedom from nature itself to increase the quality of the products.

Wild pigs

The pig was originally A wild animal scientifically known as (Sus scrofa) can live anywhere there is forage and large amounts of water sufficient to support large mammals. As long as the nutrient status is positive, the pig population will remain stable.

Food

The pig is an animal omnivoreTherefore, it eats plants and meat, but being scavengers like almost all kinds of food, be it dead insects, fruits or pieces of tree bark. In the wild, the pig feeds on berries and shoots in search of vital nutrients for its survival.

Predators

Currently, there are very few wild pigs and therefore their predators are scarce although their natural predator is the wolf, Bearsand big cats as well as in Tigers, leones o panthers. For the domestic pig its great predator is the human, although sometimes they are also attacked by wolves and large cats that sneak into farms when food is scarce in their natural habitat.

Reproduction

The pig is a viviparous animal very easy to reproduce. On farms, domestic pigs are selected based on parameters such as their weight, age and health. They reach sexual maturity between 6 and 8 months but to ensure a better upbringing they usually wait until they are one year old.

The female can remain fertile between 10 and 12 years of age and will be in heat between 40 and 72 hours. They are miltiparous, that is, they can have multiple annual births whose cycles last about 20 days and will give birth to numerous piglets, which facilitates the expansion and conservation of the species.

If too many are stressed, females may save their piglets, called piglets, if they get too stressed. Piglets can sometimes be eaten by their own mother, it is estimated that 50% of piglet deaths are due to the mother accidentally crushing them before weaning.

Suckling piglets
Suckling piglets

State of conservation

The pig is one of the most numerous large mammals on the planet, estimating a population of 1.000 billion individuals. Therefore, the pig is not considered a breed that goes through any type of danger of extinction.

Popular culture

The pig has appeared in numerous cultural works such as books, movies or video games. The most popular work is a children's fable entitled "The Three Little Pigs" which seeks to teach the little ones effort, solidarity and cooperation.

In the children's series The Muppet Show, a piglet named Peggy appeared as a secondary character who won over the public and ended up being the protagonist and a character known all over the world.

In movies, he has been represented by Babe, the brave little pig | Babe, the brave little pig | Babe, the brave little pig, addressed to all audiences that tells the adventures of a pig who wants to be a shepherd.

In video games they have appeared in many works, such as the game "Tombi" published for Playstation 2 where the enemies were pigs. Interestingly, the most popular mobile video game known as Angry Bird, the enemies are also pigs that want to feed on the birds' eggs.

List of other interesting animals