civeta malaya (pull tangalunga) also known as ground civet o eastern civet, is a species of civet native to the Malaysian peninsula and some other islands that surround it. Malay civets are the most distinguishable species of civets. Its coat is greyish with numerous black spots and about 15 black bands on the tail. The tail is black above and ringed at the bottom.

Species

  • pull megaspila: Large-spotted civet
  • pull zibetha: Civeta india great
Among the civets, the Malayan civet is the most easily recognized.

Features

The Malay civet is 585 to 950 mm long on the head and body; the length of the tail is 300 to 482 mm.

The coloration is made up of black spots on a fawn or grayish body color background. There are normally three black and two white collars on the sides of the neck and throat. The hair is long and flowing, and generally elongated along the spinal area, forming a low ridge or mane. This mane is marked by a black stripe that runs from the shoulders to the tail. The tail also has black and white bands.

The legs of the eastern Malayan civet are completely black. They have five toes on each leg. In the third and fourth digits of the front legs are the lobes of the skin that wrap and protect its retractable claws.

The dental formula is I 3/3 C 1/1 PM 3-4 / 3-4 M 1-2 / 1-2.

Behavior

The eastern Malayan civet is mostly nocturnal and solitary. Males and females come together to mate. If a Malayan civet is cornered, it may fight, but otherwise appears to show little aggression.

These civets are hunters and can obtain prey by stalking it or pouncing on it from a hiding place. Oriental civets produce a secretion from their anal scent glands known as civet.

civet can be secreted as a defensive measure, similar to that of the mofette (family Mustelidae). It can also be secreted and rubbed on various objects to communicate with its congeners.

Habitat

Eastern Malayan civets live in a wide variety of habitats including forests, scrublands, and grasslands. They stay in dense cover during the day and go out into the bush at night. They are mainly terrestrial, although they can easily climb trees if necessary. They have been found in areas where humans have cut down trees and forests near villages.

Distribution

We can find the eastern Malayan civet on the Malay Peninsula, and on the islands of Sumatra, Bangka, Borneo, the Rhio archipelago and the Philippines.

It has been introduced to many other islands in Southeast Asia.

Food

Oriental civets are good and strong hunters. They will kill small mammals, birds, snakes, frogs, and insects. Their diet is also based on eggs, fruits, and they have been observed eating some roots. A similar species of Viverra, pull zibetha, has been found fishing in India.

Predators

Like others civets, the Malayan civet is a great hunter, which makes it a great survivor too, they are animals with great ability to escape, they usually climb trees to avoid being prey by animals such as Tigers, snakes and leopards.

Reproduction

A female Eastern Malayan civet can have one to four young per litter twice a year. The young are born in dense vegetation or in holes in the ground. Their eyes are closed at birth, but they have hair. Weaning begins about a month. The females viviparous they have two or three pairs of abdominal breasts. Male viverids have a staff.

The lifespan of the eastern civet is probably about 5 to 15 years.

The Malayan civet, like the other kinds of civet, are usually nocturnal and solitary.

State of conservation

This small mammal is listed on the IUCN Red List as Least Concern (LC), but is reaching the point of Vulnerable (VU). Humans hunt and trade with them, we steal their habitat and they have less and less geographic range.

As a ground-dwelling species, Malayan civets suffer from trapping and other forms of ground-level hunting with dogs. These animals are occasionally hunted for food and treated like a pest while attacking poultry. In some parts of their range, Malayan civets are also threatened by deforestation and lose much of their natural habitat. All this is due to the felling of trees or the clearing of land for oil palm plantations.

Relationship with humans

Viverra tangalunga is one of the sources of Civet. Civet is used commercially in the production of perfumes. The trade in live civets for their musk is a source of economy. It has also been used for some medicinal purposes. Some nurseries, including the oriental civet, can be domesticated and preserved to extract this musk.

Nurseries living near villages occasionally kill poultry, causing humans to hunt and kill them to protect their birds.

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