Desert animals inhabit some of the driest biomes with intense sun rays, very little rainfall and living with the most dangerous animals. Temperatures throughout the day are the highest on the planet, reaching below zero at night until they boil in the middle of the day. Each year, only about 250 mm of rain falls.

Some land animals live in the desert


Types of deserts

There are two types of deserts, hot deserts found on both sides of the tropics, and semi-deserts found on continents, far from tropical regions. The main difference is that in a semi-desert it receives at least twice as much annual rainfall as a hot desert.

Desert animal adaptations

The animals that live in the desert have a very sacrificial life since they must endure high temperatures, days without water and food shortages. But that hasn't stopped life from emerging.

Although it is believed that there is very little life in them, most desert animals are nocturnal, coming out only at night when it is cooler and more bearable to live.

Survive without water

In the desert there is a great shortage of water and every drop counts. That is why some animals have developed adaptations to survive.

  • The roadrunner has a digestive system that extracts water from the feces before excretion.
  • The Dorcas gazelle survives without ever drinking water or urinating, obtaining it from its food and expelling only uric acid.
  • The desert lizard is able to absorb rainwater or wet sand through its skin.
  • The sand grouse has feathers that observe the water to carry them to their nest.
  • Camels' humps store fat, not water, to turn it into food and water.

Facing the desert

  • Some animals have an insulating layer to prevent heat from entering their body.
  • When the temperature is high, they begin to pant and sweat to cool down.
  • Some animals survive by digging large tunnels below the ground, where the sand is cooler.
  • The winding snake is able, through a rapid twisting movement, that only two small parts of its body touch the ground and thus avoid touching the hot sand excessively.
  • Sandfish are covered in tough membranes to protect themselves from sand.
  • The camel and jerboa can close their nostrils to prevent sand from entering.
  • The camel has eyelashes to clean the sand from its eyes.
  • The sand cat has developed claws that do not fully retract, allowing it to glide through the sand without burning its feet.
  • The mandrill escapes from its predators by hiding under rocks.
  • When the intense rays of the sun hit the furry ground squirrel it holds its bushy tail to create shade.
  • The “dark circles” of meerkats allow them to absorb sunlight and thus avoid being blinded by predators.
  • During times of drought, the African Pixie Frog burrows underground and covers itself with a mucous membrane where it can hibernate safely for up to seven years.
  • Birds extract nectar from cacti, while others use them for protection.

List of desert animals

The bee is essential for pollination.

Honey bee

honey bee o honey bees, also known as apis in Latin, although it is one of the most popular bees, it represents only a small percentage of the bee species. This species is the only surviving group of bees in the Apini subclass, which belongs to the genus Apis. They are known for producing and storing honey, or liquefied sugar, as well as for building impressive nests using wax secreted by the workers of a particular colony.

antelope lechwe


antelope (Alcelaphinae) is a wide and diverse selection of herbivores of the Bovidae family that are not classified as sheep, cattle or goats (this type of informal designation is sometimes called "garbage dump"). There are approximately 91 species classified as antelope, most of which are native to Africa, but are also found in Asia and parts of the Americas. Approximately 25 species are listed as In danger.

The ostrich is a bird that can and will defend itself if it feels in danger.


ostrich (Struthio Camelus) is the tallest and heaviest of all birds, it is a large flightless bird found only in the open field in Africa.


wasp (Hymenoptera) constitutes an enormous diversity of insects, with some 30.000 identified species. We are most familiar with those that are cloaked in bright warning colors, the ones that buzz angrily in groups and threaten us with painful stings, but most wasps are actually solitary, non-sting varieties. And they all do humans far more good by controlling pest insect populations than harm. Unlike of bees, the body of a wasp is smooth and has no hair.



baboon is a medium-sized primate which is located in many different places in Africa and in a few locations in Arabia. They are highly sociable and extremely intelligent mammalian animals that are able to bond with other members of the herd that can last for life. They adapt quite ease in the middle, although its population is being reduced due to hunting and deforestation.

We can see a vulture wake.


vulture (aegypius monk) is a scavenger bird. There are 23 species of vultures in the world, and at least one type of vulture is found on every continent except Australia and Antarctica. Is about relatively adaptable birds found in a number of habitats, including the suburbs, but even with that adaptability, 14 species are considered threatened or endangered.