dingo (Canis Lupus Dingo) es a mammal and a wild subspecies of dog from Australia and Indonesia. They arrived in Australia around 5.000 years ago, brought to Australian shores by Indonesian seafarers. It does not bark, but it howls like wolves.

The dingo can live alone or in a herd.

The dingo is a medium-sized mammal.

Features

The dingo is a medium-sized canine, weighing between 13 and 24 kg, the males generally weigh more than the females. The male measures between 52 and 63 cm on average. The colors vary from sand yellow to ginger red, and there is a small percentage of dogs that are black, tan-black or white, they can also generally have white markings on their legs, tail end and chest. The general shape of his body is very slim. They have pointed ears to hear well and a bushy, bushy tail, full of hair.

Behavior

Although the dingo is often seen alone, many of these individuals belong to a socially integrated group of up to 12 animals. These herds generally comprise an extended family, which includes a mating partner, offspring from the year, and sometimes offspring from previous years.

Dingoes show a hierarchy of domination between and within both sexes. Dominant pairs are generally the only successful breeders, however the other members of the pack often help with raising the puppies.

Habitat

The dingo is found in most of mainland Australia, but they are absent throughout the Tasmania area. The dingo is found in all types of habitats, from alpine, forest, grassland, desert, and tropical regions.

There are many different cross breeds of dingo with dog so it is very common to see dingo-like dogs (truly pure dingoes are extremely rare) even in the peripheries. There are small populations in the vicinity of some of the major cities and urban areas, although they never seem to be as bold in these areas as the introduced fox.

Food

The dingo is most active at sunrise and sunset, when its prey is also active. They eat a variety of animals, but the majority of their diet is wallaby and kangaroo. They are also known to eat rabbits, possums, rats, and mice.

Domestic livestock rarely play a significant role in their diet, although they are often blamed for attacks on livestock by wild dogs or dog / dingo hybrids, particularly sheep. These cases are actually relatively rare, but can become a problem when other food sources are in short supply and herds learn that these animals are easy prey.

By far the majority of dingo food comprises small mammals such as rabbits, rats and mice plus some birds and reptiles. Therefore, they also serve to help control the number of rodents and rabbits. The dingo is usually a shy creature that usually runs away. Only when they have learned that humans can be a useful provider of food or when they have hybridized with the domestic dog can they become a problem and attacks on humans are extremely rare.

Reproduction

One of the main differences between the dingo and the domestic dog is that the former only enters the rutting season once a year, while the females can enter the rutting season twice a year.

After mating, gestation lasts 63 days and litter size ranges from four to six pups following before the mother gives birth to 3 to 5 pups in a sheltered den, usually in late winter or early spring. .

Young may leave shortly after weaning or may remain with the parent herd for several years before moving on to seek their own mates and territories.

Predators

Adult dingoes have no predators except occasionally crocodiles and pythons. Their young, however, can be hunted by wedge-tailed eagles and monitor lizards.

Humans often kill and die from poisonous snake bites. They feed on kangaroos, but are also often killed by them in self-defense with a deadly kick. Nothing hunts them to eat them, which is what predation means.

State of conservation

They are able to survive in many types of living environments. In terms of population, dingoes are "vulnerable" animals.

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