poison dart frogDendrobatidae) They are a group of wild frogs composed of 184 native species that inhabit the tropical forests of Central America and South America. They are also called arrowhead frogs because the nearby tribes used the poison to impregnate them in the tips of their arrows and darts.

Poison Dart Frog - Blue Variety
Poison Dart Frog - Blue Variety

Features

The poison dart frog are amphibians toxic and expel venom through the skin. They are 1 to 6 cm long when adults, depending on the species. Between their toes they have an adhesive that helps them climb trees and plants. A bony layer on his lower jaw makes him look like he has teeth but is missing them.

Their striking colors warn predators that they are peligrosas and drive them away. They vary in size, color and levels of toxins, depending on the species and the area in which they inhabit. They can be found from luminous orange, bluish black, yellow and red.

Behavior

The behavior of the poison dart frog is more complex than in other frogs. They are diurnal animals and territorial. During reproduction they carry out great parental care of their young.

Habitat

They live on the ground or on top of foliage and are found in rainforests o tropical forests which are free from high pollution. Currently many of these frogs are considered endangered due to pollution and the loss of their habitat.

Food

The poison dart frog, like almost all amphibians, is a carnivorous species that use their long, sticky tongues to hunt small insects like flies, ants, insects, Spiders y termites.

Predators

Being poisonous, the poison dart frog does not have any predators because it has high levels of toxins. Most animals will either nurse or die just licking you. However, it is known that there is a kind of snake that it is immune to the toxin of this frog and is able to feed on it without problems.

Reproduction

This frog is a oviparous animal, that is, they lay eggs. These stick to the top of the mother by means of a sticky substance and carry their newborn babies from the ground to a flower filled with water located in the treetops where they will be more secure.

The poison dart frog does this with all of its babies and you lay unfertilized eggs for food.

State of conservation

Listed as Least Concern (LC) in light of its wide distribution, tolerance to habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for inclusion in a category most threatened.

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